The simplest encaustic mixture can be made from adding pigments to beeswax, but there are several other recipes that can be used — some containing other types of waxes, damar resin, linseed oil, or other ingredients. Pure, powdered pigments can be purchased and used, though some mixtures use oil paints or other forms of pigment.
Metal tools and special brushes can be used to shape the paint before it cools, or heated metal tools can be used to manipulate the wax once it has cooled onto the surface. Today, tools such as heat lamps, heat guns, and other methods of applying heat allow artists to extend the amount of time they have to work with the material. Because wax is used as the pigment binder, encaustics can be sculpted as well as painted. Other materials can be encased or collaged into the surface, or layered, using the encaustic medium to adhere it to the surface.
This technique was notably used in the Fayum mummy portraits from Eqypt and other early icons, as well as in many works of 20th-century artists, including Jasper Johns & the Starn Twins.
The CPW/R&F Encaustics & Photography workshops are helping to educate people how to use this medium combined with their photography and basically challenge their perception of what a photograph really is. I think we often limit ourselves by believing that a photograph has to be a 2 dimensional framed image and cannot have actual depth, shape or form. This workshop definitely defies that idea.
The crazy piece I made on Monday.